Wastewater can be incredibly damaging to the environment if not treated properly. The process of treating wastewater is used to remove chemicals and contaminants and allow for the water to be reused or disposed of in a way that minimizes harmful impact on the environment. There are several different ways to treat wastewater depending on the type of chemicals and contaminants you are dealing with. Here are a few examples.
Large wastewater treatment plants use sludge dewatering to properly separate sludge into its liquid and solid components, although will often not treat the individual components directly. These components must be processed accordingly, as there may be contaminants or pollutants present. Sludge dewatering allows you to minimize volume and weight so the separated elements can be treated in the most economical way possible. Many other types of wastewater treatment use sludge dewatering in their treatment process.
Effluent Treatment Plants
Chemical and pharmaceutical companies use effluent treatment plants to purify water and get rid of chemicals in the manufacturing of drugs. Effluent treatment plants use drying and evaporation to get rid of pollution, as well as filter out non-toxic materials, debris, or polymers from drugs being manufactured. Ensuring a proper wastewater treatment is critical to the safe manufacturing of pharmaceuticals.
Sewage Treatment Plants
Household sewage is treated through domestic wastewater treatment plants. The sewage is filtered several times using physical, chemical, and methods to remove contaminants. Some materials is safely disposed of, and the resulting water is treated to remove waste and toxins. After being sanitized, the remaining water can be reused for other purposes.
Wastewater treatment is essential to maintaining a safe and sanitary environment. There are several methods that leave minimum impact on the environment. Be sure to consider the best method of treatment and disposal when preparing to treat your wastewater.